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About Ha Long
Halong Bay is located in northeastern Vietnam, is part of the Gulf of Tonkin west coast, including the sea area of ​​Ha Long City, Cam Pha Town and part of Van Don island district. Southwest Gulf borders Cat Ba Island with the mainland west coastline of 120 km, is limited to the coordinates from the 1060 58 '- 1070 22' east longitude and 200 45 '- 200 50' latitude north, with a total area of ​​1553 km2, including 1969 islands, of which 989 islands and 980 named islands not named.
Island in Ha Long Island there are two types of limestone and schist islands, concentrated in two main areas of southeast Bai Tu Long Bay and southwestern part of Ha Long Bay. This is the oldest image of the terrain tectonic age from 250-280 million years, as a result of the campaign raised, lowered several times from the mainland into the sea basin. Caxto process corrosion, weathering almost entirely to create a unique Halong world. In an area no larger, with thousands of islands like shape, looks different as the sparkling rubies is attached to the blue veil of her girls. This densely concentrated zone of stone islands with spectacular scenery and many beautiful caves known as the Nature Center Heritage Ha Long Bay, including Ha Long Bay and Bai Tu Long part.

World Heritage Area is recognized as an area 434 km2, including 775 islands, such as a triangle with three vertices of Dau Go Island (west), Ba Ham Lake (south) and Cong Tay Island (east) . Area next to the buffer areas and national heritage and culture and information are the 1962 rankings.

Looking down from above, Ha Long Bay as a giant picture wearing extremely lively. That's the beautiful art works, the flowers of the Creator, the natural variables senseless thousands of islands became quite calm sculpture, painting with all our flawless appearance, charm, just very familiar just as alien to human beings. Thousands of islands bobbing on the waves of shimmering, both boast spectacular but also very soft and graceful, lively. Take the Long House with thousands of islands, we thought lost in a fairy world were to stone. Island is like someone is heading to the mainland - than my head; island is like a dragon hovering above the water - Hon Rong; island is like a old man sitting fishing - Hon La Vong; and the other two beefy brown sails are turning out to sea waves - Hon sail; and two chicken lovingly playing with each other on the waves - roof; in the middle of a vast sea of ​​giant incense as an object sacrifice heaven and earth - Hon Lu Huong ... All are very real, real amazing. These wonderful islands was of incalculable variables over time and perspective. At this point we realized that all of them are not quiet island of ignorance that are as soulful and lively.

Implicit in his heart of stone islands are beautiful caves such as Thien Cung, Dau Go cave, Sung Sot, Trinh Nu cave, Tam Cung ... It really is the castle of the midst of earthly creation. From time immemorial, Ha Long Bay has been great poet Nguyen Trai ethnic dubbed as "the land between high heaven." How labeling guests from all over the world arrived here feel stunned by the spectacular beauty of Ha Long, they seem to feel confused and helpless by the existing capital is not enough to describe the beauty of Ha Long.

Halong Bay is also attached to the glorious history, the heroic peoples of Vietnam and the famous as Van Don - where the ancient trading port busy in the 12th century; with mountain Poems calendar use; distance away Bach Dang River - is evidence of two illustrious naval battle of the generations who against foreign invaders. Not only that, Ha Long is one of the cradles of human beings with the glorious Halong culture Late Neolithic period in the archaeological sites known as Dong Mang, Chain Tho, Soi Nhu, Well shuttle ...

Ha Long is also the focus of high biodiversity with typical ecosystems such as mangrove ecosystems, coral reef ecosystems, ecosystem components farming, forest ecosystems of tropical trees ... With thousands of plants and animals are abundant, diverse, such as shrimp, fish, squid ... There are particularly rare species found only in this place.

With such special values, on 17/12/1994, in the 18th session of World Heritage Committee of UNESCO held in Thailand, Ha Long Bay was officially recognized as a natural heritage world. In 2000, Ha Long Bay is the second UNESCO World Heritage by the value of geology and geomorphology. This has confirmed the value of global Premier of Ha Long Bay

Origin name:

Ha Long means "dragon down." This name is not found written in the ancient bibliographies of our country before the nineteenth century. When it comes to the Bay area today, ancient history books often referred to as sea copy Jiaozhou Lu Chau, Luc Thuy Van Don, Hai Dong, An Bang ... Until the late nineteenth century, the name Ha Long Bay that appear on navigation map of France Gulf of Tonkin.

So the name originates from Ha Long and ever since? In the folk from the life story still circulated myths associated with the birth name of Ha Long Bay. Legend has it that: "Once, when the Vietnamese established their country, in a Vietnamese water invaders, heaven sent Mother Dragon and her Child Dragons to help the Vietnamese fight. When the enemy boats from the sea rushing attack ashore dragon, the Forum also on earth. Dragons immediately flush of pearls, the pearls into her avoid imposing numerous islands, linked as a solid wall, suddenly block the enemy advance. Boats rushed the enemy is stopped suddenly crashed into the islands, crashing into each other shattered.

After the victory, Mother Dragon and Child Dragons did not return to heaven, but stayed on earth - where the battle took place. Accommodation mother dragon landed was Ha Long, where the dragon descended is now Bai Tu Long. Tail of the Dragon Forum is back up white Long Vi (Tra Co Peninsula News today) ".

Folk tale associated with the concept of the origin of the Vietnamese people as "Dragon, Fairy." Dragon, Korea is the traditional strength of the nation has been and probably symbolic of putting to sea the island poetic name was none other than folk here. Today, many mountain island in Halong Bay is still named Dragon as: First Dragon, Dragon Eye, Mount Dragon, The Dragon, off a Long Island Chau, Bach Long Vi Island.

The legend of Ha Long Bay

Ha Long Bay has long ago by the tectonic. However, in the minds of the Vietnamese people from prehistoric times to the popular imagination and sense of Dragon and Fairy roots, a legend that when the Vietnamese people have made the invaders, the Jade Emperor sent Mother Dragon and her Child Dragons down to help fight the Vietnamese. Invaders' boats were rushing to the sea shore at last dragons on earth. Dragons immediately ejected and exit of pearls into the sea thousands of islands, such as solid walls block the advance of enemy war ships. Delegation is the enemy boats rushed, blocked suddenly crashed into the islands collide and shattered.

After the victory, the ground situation peaceful, lush vegetation, the people there the hard, hard work, solidarity and help each other, Mother Dragon and Child Dragons did not return to Heaven but stayed on earth, where just the battle. The location Mother Dragon landed was Ha Long; where Child Dragons descended is now Bai Tu Long response and dragon tail turned white water Forum is Bach Long Vi (Tra Co peninsula today, with over 15km long sandy beach).

Back with another legend says that at the time when the country has its invaders, a dragon flying down the river toward the sea and landed in the northeastern coastal city walls make sure the pace of Marine invaders. Dragon sheltered landing spot for the country is called the Ha Long.

Environment and climate
 

Halong Bay is a sea island climate divisions 2 seasons: hot and humid summer with temperatures around 27-29 ° C and cold dry winters with temperatures 16-18 ° C, mean annual temperature range in the range 15-25 ° C. Halong Bay rainfall ranges from 2,000 mm-2.200mm yet have detailed documentation of rainfall is 1.680mm with over 300mm in the hottest season of the year (from June to August) and less than 30 mm in the dry season of the year (from December to February next year). Tide system in Ha Long Bay is featured with the tide, at about 3.5-4m / day. The salinity of sea water on the Gulf ranged from 31 to 34.5MT in the dry season but in the rainy season, this level may be lower. Sea in the Gulf is quite shallow, with depths of about 6m to 10m and the islands are no surface water storage.
 
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